Home Site Map Search Members Only Contact Us
Letter Opposing Bill S-10

Letter to Government Expressing Opposition to Bill S-10

February 6, 2011

Right Hon. Stephen Harper, Prime Minister, Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada
Hon. Michael Ignatieff, Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada
Hon. Jack Layton, Leader of the New Democratic Party of Canada
Mr. Gilles Duceppe, Leader of the Bloc Québécois
House of Commons
Parliament Buildings
Ottawa, Ontario  K1A 0A6

Dear Sirs:

Re: Opposition to Bill S-10, the Penalties for Organized Crime Act

We, the undersigned, are concerned that the federal government is pursuing significant amendments to federal drug legislation, through Bill S-10, which are not scientifically grounded and which research demonstrates may actually contribute to health and social harms in our communities. We join with other individuals and community groups that have previously expressed concerns in their testimony to various Committees and in open letters, and we outline our key concerns, in brief, below.

We oppose Bill S-10

We are extremely concerned that Bill S-10 will exacerbate drug use challenges and related health and social harms in Canadian communities. Specifically, we are concerned that:

  1. There is no evidence that mandatory minimum sentences will reduce drug use or deter crime. Research from the United States demonstrates that mandatory minimum penalties are a considerable burden on the taxpayer and are not effective in reducing drug use or drug-related crime. It is especially concerning that while several states in the US, such as New York, Michigan, Massachusetts and Connecticut, are now repealing and moving away from costly and ineffective mandatory minimum sentencing legislation, Canada is moving towards this failed and expensive policy approach.

  2. Mandatory minimum sentences have a disproportionately negative impact on youth and Aboriginal persons. In Canada, mandatory minimum sentences will most negatively affect Aboriginal people, and particularly youth, who already face elevated risks related to and harms associated with substance abuse, are at increased risk of HIV infection and are disproportionately incarcerated. Over the last three decades, the proportion of Aboriginal persons admitted into correctional institutions in Canada has doubled from 9% to 18%, despite only representing 3% of the total population of Canada. Bill S-10’s emphasis on mandatory minimum sentences will likely lead to worsening drug-related harms experienced by Aboriginal persons, and does nothing to address the underlying causes contributing to these unacceptable disparities.

  3. Policies that over-emphasize drug law enforcement have a negative impact on public health and rates of HIV. According to the Correctional Service of Canada, approximately one in twenty inmates is already HIV-positive and one in three has hepatitis C (HCV). Rates of infectious diseases continue to climb among this population. The House of Commons Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security recently raised concerns regarding the inadequate level of care and supports for inmates who suffer from mental health and addictions challenges, and stressed that community resources should be augmented to avoid incarcerating this population in the first place. The pending legislation, if implemented, will result in additional prison overcrowding and can be expected to contribute to further increased HIV and HCV risk behaviour in prison. This has serious implications for public health, given that most inmates will be released and reintegrated into the community. It also has implications for healthcare budgets, as the average health costs of each case of HIV infection are estimated to be $250,000.

  4. Mandatory minimum sentences are expensive and ineffective. Although the government has not produced detailed budget estimates regarding the potential cost of implementing mandatory minimum sentences, similar sentencing regimes introduced in the United States have cost taxpayers billions of dollars. During these difficult economic times, this raises the question of why the federal government proposes to spend scarce financial resources on policies that have been shown to be expensive, ineffective and harmful. The reasons given by US jurisdictions for moving away from mandatory minimum sentencing legislation are the extreme costs to taxpayers, the ineffectiveness of this approach, and the resulting disproportionate harms to ethnic minority communities.

We support evidence-based drug policies

The Legislative Summary for Bill S-10 outlines no evidence supporting mandatory minimum sentences as an effective means of improving public health and community safety, or deterring crime. We support the goal of improving community health and safety through evidence-based drug policies, which includes expanding drug prevention and treatment initiatives. We encourage you to use the recommendations of the World Health Organization and the Vienna Declaration, a scientific statement endorsed by leading scientists, researchers and health professionals around the world, to guide Canada’s drug policy.

We share the government’s commitment to addressing the challenges of substance abuse but do not support the implementation of non-evidence-based policies, such as Bill S-10, which place an enormous burden on taxpayers and will cause considerable health-related harms, while failing to improve community health and safety.

We are calling on the federal government to demonstrate leadership in addressing these challenging issues by abandoning Bill S-10 and pursuing an evidence-based policy approach that moves away from ineffective and costly incarceration schemes for non-violent drug offenders and towards evidence-based modalities. We invite you to work together with the public health community to develop scientifically grounded policies that meaningfully address drug-related health and social harms, are fiscally responsible, and are “smart on crime.”

We look forward to your response.

Signed,

  1. Nicole Aboud-Ellis, BACS, BSW, RSW | Social Worker, Addiction Services, Health Promotion | Sydney, NS
  2. Ron Abrahams, MD, CCFP, FCFP | MD, BC Women’s Hospital | Vancouver, BC
  3. Barry Adam, PhD | Professor, Sociology, University of Windsor | Windsor, ON
  4. Jan Adams, BA, BSc, BEd | HIV Clinic Coordinator, AIDS Thunder Bay | Thunder Bay, ON
  5. Noah Adams, BA, BSW, MSW(c) | Social Worker, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  6. Michel Alary, MD, PhD | Professor, Université Laval, Medicine | Sainte-Foy, QC
  7. Mike Aldridge, BMEdRadSc, RTR | CT Technologist, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  8. Bruce Alexander | Professor Emeritus, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  9. David Alper, MA | Professor, Social Work, Collège universitaire de Saint-Boniface | Winnipeg, MB
  10. Tami Amit, MA | Clinical Counsellor | Richmond, BC
  11. Cheryl Anderson, MD, MHSc | Clinical Assistant Professor, Health Officers’ Council of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  12. Donald Anderson, BA, MD, FRCP(c) | Epidemiologist; Physician; Clergyman (ret.), Canadian Baptists of Western Canada | Vancouver, BC
  13. Helen Anderson, MBChB, FRACP, MD, FRCPC | Physician, BC Cancer Agency | Victoria, BC
  14. Josje Andmore, MA, LLB | Instructor, Camosun College | Victoria, BC
  15. Darryl Andre, SSW | Withdrawal Management Counsellor, Ottawa Withdrawal Management Centre | Ottawa, ON
  16. Drost Anne, RN | Registered Nurse, Cool Aid Community Health Centre | Victoria, BC
  17. Paul Antze, PhD | Professor, York University | Toronto, ON
  18. Nicole April, MD, MPH, FRCPC | Physician, Institut national de santé publique du Québec | QC
  19. Kay Armstrong, BA, MA | Instructor, Selkirk College | Castlegar, BC
  20. Cheryl Arneson | HIV Nurse Consultant; Past-President, Canadian Association of Nurses in AIDS Care | Toronto, ON
  21. Alison Arnot, BSc MD, CCFP | Physician, Health and Counselling, UTM | Mississauga, ON
  22. Edward Atkins, MD, FRCPC | Neurologist, University of Saskatchewan | Saskatoon, SK
  23. Natasha Bakht, MA, LLB, LLM | Professor of Law, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  24. Sean Barrett, PhD, RPsych | Associate Professor; Addiction Research Scientist, Dalhousie University | Halifax, NS
  25. Greta Bauer, PhD, MPH | Assistant Professor, Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario | London, ON
  26. Phil Baumgarten, BSc, BEd, DD | Health Professional | Kitchener, ON
  27. Ahmed Bayoumi, MD, MSc, FRCPC | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  28. Line Beauchesne | Professeure titulaire, département de criminologie, Universite d’Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  29. Jean Beckett, SSW/DAC | Mental Health Advocate, National Network for Mental Health | Parry Sound, ON
  30. Erin Beckwell, MSW, RSW | Social Worker; Community Researcher, Faculty of Social Work, University of Regina | Saskatoon, SK
  31. François Béland, PhD | Professeur, Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC
  32. M. Belot, BScPT, MSc | Physiotherapist | Vancouver, BC
  33. Cecilia Benoit, PhD | Professor; Scientist, Centre for Addictions Research of BC | Victoria, BC
  34. Sara Berger, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, Northern Alberta HIV Program | Edmonton, AB
  35. Nicolas Bergeron | President, Médecins du Monde Canada | Montréal, QC
  36. Kirsten Bergstrom, RN, BScN | Public Health Nurse, Alberta Health Services | Camrose, AB
  37. Jean Claude Bernheim, MSc | Professor, Office des droits des détenu-e-s | Winnipeg, MB
  38. Alix Berube, RN | Registered Nurse, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  39. Terri Betts, BScPharm, ACPR | Pharmacy Clinical Coordinator, Lions Gate Hospital, Vancouver Coastal Health | North Vancouver, BC
  40. Janet Bickerton, RN, MEd | Adolescent Addictions Programmer, Health District | Sydney, NS
  41. Diane Billay, RN, BN, MN, PhD | Registered Nurse; Educator, Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  42. Patricia Birch, MSc, RN | Research Nurse, University of British Colombia | Vancouver, BC
  43. Janet Black, RN, BScN, MN(c) | Registered Nurse; Nursing Instructor, School of Nursing, Mount Royal University | Calgary, AB
  44. John Blatherwick, CM, OBC, CD, MD, FRCP(c), LLD | Physician (ret.) | New Westminster, BC
  45. John Boan, PhD, LLD | Professor Emeritus, Economic Consultant, University of Regina | Regina, SK
  46. Jennifer Bond, BA, BCom, LLB, LLM | Professor of Law, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  47. Colin Bonnycastle | Professor, University of Manitoba | Thompson, MB
  48. Monica Bosse, BScN | Registered Nurse, Saskatoon Health Region | Saskatoon, SK
  49. Geoff Bostick, BScPT PhD(c) | Assistant Professor, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  50. Jean-Rock Boutin, MA | Counsellor, ACT | Toronto, ON
  51. Roland Bowman, PhD, RPsych | Psychologist, Federal Government Employee | Vancouver, BC
  52. Nick Boyce, BSc | Provincial Director, Ontario HIV and Substance Use Training Program | Toronto, ON
  53. Neil Boyd | Professor and Associate Director, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  54. Susan Boyd, LLM | Law Professor, University of British Colombia | Vancouver, BC
  55. Susan Boyd, PhD | Professor, Studies in Policy and Practice, University of Victoria | Victoria, BC
  56. Andrew Bresnahan, MSc, MPH(c) | Public Health, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Faculty of Medicine | St. John’s, NL
  57. Suzanne Brissette, MD, CHUM | Associate Professor; Physician, Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC
  58. Rebecca Bromwich, LLB, LLM | Professor (part-time), Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  59. Nicholas Brousseau, MD, MSc | Community Medicine Resident, Laval University | QC
  60. Andrew Brown | Pharmacist | Toronto, ON
  61. Cary Brown, PhD | Professor, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  62. Thomas Brown, BA, AM, PhD | Professor, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  63. Zabrina Brumme, PhD | Assistant Professor, Simon Fraser University | Burnaby, BC
  64. Liam Brunham, MD, PhD | Physician | Vancouver, BC
  65. Craig Buchholz, MD | Physician; Clinical Professor, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  66. David Buckeridge, MD, PhD, FRCPC | Physician, Montreal Public Health; Professor, McGill University | Montreal, QC
  67. Liz Bullen, RPN | Pyschiatric Nurse, Clearview | Nanaimo, BC
  68. Lynn Burnett, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, Ottawa Inner City Health Inc | Ottawa, ON
  69. Katherine Burress, BScN | Registered Nurse, Casey House | Toronto, ON
  70. Susan Burwash, MSc, OT(c) | Occupational Therapist, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  71. Beata Byczko, MD | Physician, QE Park Medical Clinic | Vancouver, BC
  72. Dave Caloia, MD, FRCPC | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  73. Bill Cameron, MD, FRCPC, FACP | Professor, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  74. Stephane Cantin, PhD | Professor, University of Montreal | Montreal, QC
  75. Rielle Capler, MHA | Researcher, Canadians for Safe Access | Vancouver, BC
  76. Catia Carrier, MA | Registered Psychotherapist, Misiway Health Centre | Timmins, ON
  77. David Carriere, BA | Community Outreach Worker, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority | Winnipeg, MB
  78. John Carsley | Medical Health Officer, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  79. Connie Carter, PhD(c) | Instructor, University of Victoria | Victoria, BC
  80. Walter Cavalieri, MSc, MSW | Director, Canadian Harm Reduction Network | Toronto, ON
  81. Sheila Cayer, RN, BN | Public Health Nurse, Fraser Health Authority | Chilliwack, BC
  82. Mara Celmins, RN, BScN, MScN(c) | Public Health Nurse, Peel Public Health | Brampton, ON
  83. Angela Cescon, MPH | Researcher, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  84. Edna Chadwick, RN | Registered Nurse | Nanaimo, BC
  85. Shanna Chan, BScPharm, ACPR, AAHIVE | Clinical Pharmacist, Manitoba HIV Program | Winnipeg, MB
  86. Christina Chant, RN | Registered Nurse, DCHC/SPH–10C/MAT | Vancouver, BC
  87. Georgina Chapman, BScN | Registered Nurse, St. Paul’s Hospital, Providence Health Care | Vancouver, BC
  88. Brie Charette, BA | Mental Health Worker, PHS Society | Vancouver, BC
  89. James Charles-Roberts, BA | Counselling Psychology | Victoria, BC
  90. Sara Charlton, BScN | Registered Nurse, Providence Health Care | Vancouver, BC
  91. Jocelyn Chase, MD | Physician (Resident), UBC Geriatric Medicine Fellow | Vancouver, BC
  92. Andrea Churko, RN | Registered Nurse, Urban Health Research Initiative | North Battleford, SK
  93. Clifford Clark, MA | Ottawa, ON
  94. Edward Clarke, PhD | Psychologist | Courtenay, BC
  95. Valdine Clemens, PhD | Instructor, University of Manitoba | Winnipeg, MB
  96. Todd Coleman, BHSc, PhD(c) | Researcher, University of Western Ontario | London, ON
  97. Evan Collins, MD, FRCPC | Main Delegate, Hassle Free Clinic | Toronto, ON
  98. Marisa Collins, BIS, MD, MHSc, CCFP | Clinical Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia | Pemberton, BC
  99. Leslie Comrie, BSW, MSW | College Instructor and Social Worker, Selkirk College | Castlegar, BC
  100. Jeff Conners, BSW, RSW | Youth Outpatient Counsellor, Phoenix Centre | Kamloops, BC
  101. Gerry Cooper, EdD | Associate Dean, Learner Affairs, Northern Ontario School of Medicine | Sudbury, ON
  102. Ryan Cooper, MD, FRCPC, MPH | Physician, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  103. Shelley Cooper-Stephenson, RN, BSN, MCEd, CCE | Community Nurse; Nurse Researcher, CS Medical Research & Patient Advocacy | Saskatoon, SK
  104. Hélène Côté | Associate Professor, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  105. Arvita Cotter, RN, RPN | Nurse, Burnaby Youth Custody Centre | Burnaby, BC
  106. Kristofer Coward, MSc, PhD | Senior Data Analyst | Toronto, ON
  107. Wesley Cragg, BA(Hons), MA, BPhil, DPhil | Professor of Business Ethics, York University / Schulich School of Business | Aurora, ON
  108. Jennifer Craig, BSN, MA, PhD, DHom | Writer, Quality Educational Development | Nelson, BC
  109. Marion Crook, RnPhD | University Teacher, College of Registered Nurses of BC | Gibsons, BC
  110. Emma Cunliffe, PhD | Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  111. Rosemarie Cunningham | Clinical Lecturer, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  112. Isolde Daiski, BScN/EdD | Registered Nurse, Professor, York University | Toronto, ON
  113. Darcy Dalgaard, MEd | Counsellor, School District 69 | Victoria, BC
  114. Ron Davies | Psychiatric Nurse Leader, Providence Health Care | Vancouver, BC
  115. William (Bill) Davies, MSW, RSW | Executive Director; Social Worker, Muskoka Parry Sound Community Mental Health Service | Bracebridge, ON
  116. Marijean Day, RN, BScN | TB Field Operations Consultant, BC Centre for Disease Control | Vancouver, BC
  117. Kora DeBeck, PhD | Post-Doctoral Fellow, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  118. Jane Deblock, RN | Public Health Nurse, Perth District Health Unit | Stratford, ON
  119. Kathleen Deering, PhD(c) | Epidemiologist, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  120. Chantal Delongchamp, BSW | Client Support Worker, Queen West Community Health Centre | Winnipeg, MB
  121. Darlene Desmoulin Lewis, PHN | Public Health Nurse, Thunder Bay District Health Unit | Thunder Bay, ON
  122. Nashreen Dhalla, BScN | Nurse, BC Centre for Disease Control | Vancouver, BC
  123. Shafik Dharamsi, PhD | Faculty, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  124. Giselle Dias, MA, CAPT | Psychotherapist | London, ON
  125. Bernard Dickens, OC, LLB, LLM, PhD, LLD, LLD(Hon) | Professor Emeritus, Health Law and Policy, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  126. Jacinthe Dion, PhD | Professor, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi | Chicoutimi, QC
  127. Peter Dodek, MD, MHSc | Professor, Medicine, Center for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, Providence Health | Vancouver, BC
  128. Justina Doerksen, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, Ottawa Hospital | Ottawa, ON
  129. Kathryn Dong, MD, MSc, FRCP, DABEM | Physician, Edmonton Inner City Health Research and Education Network | Edmonton, AB
  130. Mary Donlevy, MD, FCFPC | Family Physician, Outreach Urban Health | West Kelowna, BC
  131. Naomi Dove, MD | Medical Resident, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  132. Lisa Druchok, BA, BEd | Youth Community Health Worker, SCCC | Toronto, ON
  133. Gregory Dueck, MD, MSc, FRCPC | Physician, Medical Oncologist | Kelowna, BC
  134. Deborah Dunn, MSN | Nurse Educator, Kwantlen Polytechnic University | Surrey, BC
  135. Judy Dussault, BScN, MN | Nurse | Red Deer, AB
  136. Carol-Ann Dwyer, Addictions Certification, RTC | Addiction Counsellor, Carol’s Counselling and Consulting | Campbell River, BC
  137. Stanley Eaman, FRCP(c) | Physician, private practice | Vernon, BC
  138. Andrew Edelson | Physician, Mission Memorial Hospital / Fraser Health Authority | Mission, BC
  139. John Edworthy, MD | Family Physician, College of Family Physicians Canada | Coquitlam, BC
  140. Victor Elkins | Cardiac Perfusion Assistant, BC Children’s Hospital | Vancouver, BC
  141. Susan Ellard, MD, FRCPC | Physician, BC Cancer Agency | Kelowna, BC
  142. Richard Elliott, BA(Hons), LLB, LLM | Executive Director, Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network | Toronto, ON
  143. Brian Emerson, MD | Physician | Victoria, BC
  144. Gilbert Émond, PhD | Associate Professor, Université Concordia | Montréal, QC
  145. Patricia Erickson, PhD | Public Health and Regulatory Policy Section, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  146. Laura Eustace, MD | Physician | Hamilton, ON
  147. Sarah Evans, MA | Manager, HIV/AIDS and Harm Reduction Programs, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  148. Jean-Sebastien Fallu | Assistant Professor, Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC
  149. James Fanning, RCN | SSA (ret.), Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT), Diplomatic Service | Head of Jeddore, NS
  150. Andrew Feldmar | Psychologist | Vancouver, BC
  151. Stevenson Fergus, PhD, MPH | Assistant Professor, Queen’s University | Kingston, ON
  152. Len Ferguson, OD | Optometrist | Lethbridge, AB
  153. Alida Fernhout, BA, BN, RN, MPH | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  154. Caroline Ferris, MD | Physician, Fraser Health | Surrey, BC
  155. Ana Fisic, RN, BSN | Registered Nurse, BC Cancer Agency | Surrey, BC
  156. Marina Ford, BSc | Mental Health Worker, Anishnawbe Health Toronto | Toronto, ON
  157. Claude Fortin, MD | Physician, Infectious Diseases, Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC
  158. Robert Foster, BScPharm | Pender Island, BC
  159. Chris Fox, PhD | Researcher | Victoria, BC
  160. Caspar Friesen, BSc, MD, CCFP, FCFP | Physician, Sitka Health Centre | Victoria, BC
  161. Kate Frohlich | Professor, Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC
  162. Colleen Fuller | Pharmaceutical Policy Researcher, Women and Health Protection | Vancouver, BC
  163. Charles Furlotte, MSW, RSW | Social Worker, Ottawa Hospital | Ottawa, ON
  164. Marc-Andre Gagnon | Assistant Professor, School of Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University | Ottawa, ON
  165. Marilou Gagnon, RN, PhD | Assistant Professor, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  166. Jacqueline Gahagan, PhD | Professor, Dalhousie University | Halifax, NS
  167. Tsvi Gallant, MD | Physician, Gallant Clinic | Toronto, ON
  168. Ian Garber, MD | Medical Resident, University of British Colombia | New Westminster, BC
  169. Mary Gavan, RN, MA | Registered Nurse | Vancouver, BC
  170. Karen Gelmon, BA, MD, FRCPC | Physician, BC Cancer Agency | Vancouver, BC
  171. Leah Genge, MD, MSc | Resident Physician, Calgary Health Services | Calgary, AB
  172. Caryn George, BScOT | Occupational Therapist, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  173. Andree Germain, MSW | HIV Prevention Researcher, HIV and HCV Prevention Research Team, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  174. Florette Giasson, BA, BSW, MSW | Social Worker, Collège universitaire de Saint-Boniface | Winnipeg, MB
  175. Susan Giles, RN | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority | Vancouver, BC
  176. Richard Glazier, MD, MPH, CCFP, FCFP | Family Physician, Health Services Researcher, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  177. Rodney Glynn-Morris, MRCS, LRCP, DRCOG, CCFP, CISAM | Addiction Physician, College of Family Physicians of Canada | West Vancouver, BC
  178. Fiona Gold, BA, RN, CST | Registered Nurse, BC Centre for Disease Control | Vancouver, BC
  179. Jean Golden | Tenured Professor, Ryerson University | Toronto, ON
  180. Irene Goldstone, RN, BN, MSc | Nurse, Canadian Association of Nurses in AIDS Care | Vancouver, BC
  181. Brydon Gombay, MEd, EdD | Community Psychologist (ret.) | Toronto, ON
  182. Simon Goodspeed, BA | Mental Health Worker, PHS Society | Vancouver, ON
  183. Jo Gorton, RN | Nurse, University of British Colombia | Vancouver, BC
  184. Daniel Grace, PhD(c) | Researcher, University of Victoria | Vancouver, BC
  185. Peter Granger, MD | Physician, Three Bridges Community Health Centre | Vancouver, BC
  186. Kate Greenaway, RN, MSN | Director, Nzinga International | Kamloops, BC
  187. Kathy Greenberg, MD | Physician, BC Women’s Hospital | Vancouver, BC
  188. Helen Griffiths | Nursing Program Coordinator | Vancouver, BC
  189. Doris Grinspun, RN, MSN, PhD, O.ONT. | Executive Director, Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario | Toronto, ON
  190. Jennifer Gritke, MA | AIDS Service Worker, Regional HIV/AIDS Connection | London, ON
  191. Édith Guilbert, MD, MSc | Médecin, Épidémiologiste, Institut national de santé publique du Québec | Quebec City, QC
  192. Mark Haden, MSW | Social Worker, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  193. Katharine Hagerman, MPH | Health Promoter | Haliburton, ON
  194. Rebecca Haines-Saah, PhD | Researcher, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  195. Patty Hajdu, HBA | Drug Strategy Coordinator, Public Health | Thunder Bay, ON
  196. Jan Hajek, BSc, MD, FRCPC, DTMH | Physician, BC Centre for Disease Control | Vancouver, BC
  197. Jessica Hales, BN | Registered Nurse, Street Health | Toronto, ON
  198. Mary Haley | Physiotherapist, Hamilton Health Sciences | Hamilton, ON
  199. Nancy Haley, MD, FRCP, MA | Pediatrician, Montreal Public Health | Montreal, QC
  200. Clare Hall-Patch, BA | HIV Researcher, Oak Tree Clinic | Vancouver, BC
  201. Helga Hallgrimsdottir, PhD | Professor, University of Victoria | Victoria, BC
  202. Peter Hanington, BA, LLB | Law Instructor, Reeves College | Edmonton, AB
  203. Mark Hanlon, BA | National Director, Sierra Youth Coalition | Ottawa, ON
  204. Samantha Hardeman, BScN | Registered Nurse, Streetworks / Boyle Street Community Services | Edmonton, AB
  205. Stacey Hare Hodgins, BA, HBSW | Mental Health Worker, Canadian Mental Health Association | Thunder Bay, ON
  206. Kathleen Harris, RN, BSN, MPH(c) | Registered Nurse, Nursing Instructor, FHA, Kwantlen University | Delta, BC
  207. Scott Harrison, RN, MA, MPhil | Health Director, Canadian Association of Nurses in AIDS Care | Vancouver, BC
  208. Ross Harvey | Executive Director, BC Persons with AIDS Society | Vancouver, BC
  209. Paul Hasselback, MD, MSc, FRCPC | Public Health Physician, Health Officers’ Council of British Columbia | Kelowna, BC
  210. Monica Hau, MD, MSc, CCFP | Community Medicine Resident, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  211. Leon Hawryelnko, MEd | Addictions Counsellor, Fraser Health Authority | Surrey, BC
  212. Sargent Hayden, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  213. Ashley Haywood, BSW, RSW | Addictions Counsellor, Jean Tweed Centre | Toronto, ON
  214. Emily Hazlett, BAH, MA | Instructor, Carleton University | Ottawa, ON
  215. Kim Hellemans, PhD | Professor, Carleton University | Ottawa, ON
  216. Michelle Herechuk, RN, BN | Community Health Nurse, Mount Currie Health Centre | Mount Currie, BC
  217. Tamara Herman, MA | Researcher, Vancouver Island Public Interest Research Group | Victoria, BC
  218. Barney Hickey, RN, MScN | Registered Nurse, Nurse Educator | Vancouver, BC
  219. Cara Hills-Nieminen, BSc(Pharm) | Pharmacist, Northern Alberta HIV Program | Edmonton, AB
  220. Tom Hilton, BA | Executive Director, AIDS PEI | Charlottetown, PE
  221. Janice Ho, MA | Researcher | Toronto, ON
  222. Helen Hoang, MScOT | Occupational Therapist, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  223. Helen Hobbs, BA, MDiv, PhD | Minister (ret.), United Church of Canada | Vancouver, BC
  224. Dave Holmes, PhD | Professor, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  225. Judith Hopkins, MEd | Counsellor, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  226. Paul Hornby, PhD | Research Scientist, Hedron Analytical Inc. | Vancouver, BC
  227. Stan Houston, MD, DTM&H, FRCPC | Professor, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  228. Stacie Howard, BN | Registered Nurse, Ottawa Inner City Health Inc | Ottawa, ON
  229. Terry Howard, MSc | Community-Based Research Facilitator, BC Persons With AIDS Society | Vancouver, BC
  230. David Hulchanski, PhD | Professor, Social Work; Associate Director Research, Cities Centre, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  231. Georgia Hunt, MD, CCFP | Physician, BC Women’s Hospital, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  232. Francisco Ibáñez-Carrasco, PhD | Teacher/Researcher, Universities Without Walls / Ontario HIV Treatment Network | Toronto, ON
  233. Suzan Ilcan, PhD | Professor, University of Windsor | Windsor, ON
  234. Mary Ives, RN, BSN, MHS, CCFE | Registered Nurse, Fraser Health | Chilliwack, BC
  235. Jean Daniel Jacob, RN, PhD | Professor, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  236. Jesse Jacobson, BSN | Registered Nurse, Health Authority | Chilliwack, BC
  237. Siavash Jafari, MD | Physician, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  238. Leegay Jagoe, RN | Safeworks | Calgary, AB
  239. Mikael Jansson, PhD | Scientist, Centre for Addictions Research of BC | Victoria, BC
  240. Bethany Jeal, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  241. Fiona Jeyachandran, MA | Alcohol and Drug Counsellor, Pacifica Treatment Centre | Vancouver, BC
  242. Humberto Jijon, MD, PhD | Fellow, University of Calgary | Calgary, AB
  243. Mark Joffe, MD | Physician, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  244. Michel Joffres | Professor, Simon Fraser University | Victoria, BC
  245. Caitlin Johnston, MSc-PPH | Researcher, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  246. Rosemary Jolly, PhD | Academic Researcher, Queen’s University | Kingston, ON
  247. Bryan Jones, PhD(c) | Instructor, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  248. Craig Jones, PhD | Consultant/Researcher | Kingston, ON
  249. Elaine Jones, RN, BSN | Registered Nurse, CanNECT | Vancouver, BC
  250. Roman Jovey | Physician Director, Credit Valley Hospital Addictions and Concurrent Disorders Centre | Mississauga, ON
  251. Renate Kahlke, MA | Academic, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  252. Angela Kaida, PhD | Assistant Professor, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  253. Joel Kailia, MD | Family Physician | Nelson, BC
  254. Steve Kain, RN | Registered Nurse, Urban Health Research Initiative | Vancouver, BC
  255. Jeff Kapler, BSc-Pharm | Pharmacist, Alberta Health Services | Calgary, AB
  256. Ken Kasper | Physician, Manitoba HIV Program | Winnipeg, MB
  257. Joni Kavanagh, BSW, RSW | Social Worker, Lethbridge HIV Connection | Lethbridge, AB
  258. Greg Kawchuk, PhD | Scientist, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  259. Florence Kellner | Professor Emeritus, Carleton University | Ottawa, ON
  260. Justina Kelly, BScN, RN, BA | Public Health Nurse, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  261. Claire Kendall, MD, CCFP | Family Physician, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  262. Perry Kendall, OBC, MBBS, MHSc, FRCPC | Physician, Clinical Professor, University of British Columbia | Victoria, BC
  263. David Kennedy, MD, FCFP | Law Enforcement Against Prohibition | Vernon, BC
  264. Kathleen Kenny, MHSc | Community Health Worker, South Riverdale Community Health Centre | Toronto, ON
  265. Thomas Kerr, PhD | Assistant Professor, Division of AIDS, University of British Columbia; Co-Director, Urban Health Research Initiative, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  266. Julie Kille, RN, BSN, MSN(c) | Operations Leader, Canadian Association of Nurses in AIDS Care | Vancouver, BC
  267. Jennifer Kilty, PhD | Professor, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  268. Jin Hee Kim, BSc, MD, CCFP | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  269. Colleen Kirkham, MD | Physician, St. Paul’s Hospital | Vancouver, BC
  270. Karen Kittilsen, BBA | Executive Director, Northern AIDS Connection Society | Truro, NS
  271. Salman Klar, MPH | Public Health Agency of Canada | Ottawa, ON
  272. Michael Klein, MD | Physician, University of British Columbia | Roberts Creek, BC
  273. Glenna Knutson, RN, MScN, EdD(c) | Associate Professor, Lakehead University | Thunder Bay, ON
  274. Katarina Kolar, MA | Researcher | Vancouver, BC
  275. Heather Koller, HBSc, HBSW | Social Worker, AIDS Thunder Bay | Thunder Bay, ON
  276. Cyndie Koning, PhD | Occupational Therapist, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  277. Linda Korbin, BA, BSW, MSW | Executive Director, BC Association of Social Workers | Vancouver, BC
  278. Fiona Kouyoumdjian, MD, MPH | Resident Physician, University of Toronto | Hamilton, ON
  279. Holly Kramer, MSW | Manager, Toronto Harm Reduction Task Force | Toronto, ON
  280. Meredith Kratzmann, MA | Research Associate, Ontario HIV Treatment Network | Toronto, ON
  281. Sara Kreindler, DPhil | Assistant Professor, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba | Winnipeg, MB
  282. Andrea Krüsi, MSc | Health Researcher, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  283. Jeff Langer, MA | Lecturer, Laurentian University | Sudbury, ON
  284. R. Langer, BA, LLB, LLM, PhD | Associate Professor, Laurentian University | Sudbury, ON
  285. Krisanne Langille, BScN | Registered Nurse | Toronto, ON
  286. Raymond LaPerriere, RCC | Concurrent Disorder Clinician, Centre for Concurrent Disorders, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  287. Elizabeth Laquer, RN, BSN | Patient Educator / Case Manager, Providence Health Care | Vancouver, BC
  288. Andrew Larcombe, RPN, MA | Addictions Counsellor | Vancouver, BC
  289. Andrew Larder, MD, FRCPC | Public Health Physician, Interior Health Authority BC | Kelowna, BC
  290. Steve Larigakis, BSc, MD | Physician, Family Practice | Surrey, BC
  291. Philip LaRocque, BA | Social Worker, Streethealth | Toronto, ON
  292. Sandra Lauck, MSN, RN | Clinical Nurse Specialist, St. Paul’s Hospital | Vancouver, BC
  293. Allison Lavigne, RSW | Social Worker, Somerset West Community Health Centre | Ottawa, ON
  294. Cayce Laviolette, BSW | Social Worker, Vancouver Coastal Health | Gibsons, BC
  295. David Lawrence, MD, FRCPC | Physician, Anishnawbe Health Toronto | Toronto, ON
  296. Simonne LeBlanc, BSC Psych, RSW, CCD | Executive Director, AIDS Calgary Awareness Association | Calgary, AB
  297. Mathieu Leboeuf, MD | Physician, CHUQ-CHUL | Quebec City, QC
  298. Pascale Leclerc, MSc | Public Health Professionnal, Direction de santé publique de Montréal | Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC
  299. Nicole Leduc, PhD | Professor, Public Health, Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC
  300. Karen Lee, MA | Chartered Psychologist (ret.) | Calgary, AB
  301. Pamela Leece, MD, MSc | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  302. Aleksandra Leligdowicz, MD, PhD | Internal Medicine Resident, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  303. Francesco Leri, PhD | Associate Professor, University of Guelph | Guelph, ON
  304. Victor Leung, MD | Physician, McGill University Health Centre | Montréal, QC
  305. Joel Levine, MEd | Faculty Associate, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  306. Jacqueline Lewis, PhD | Professor, University of Windsor | Windsor, ON
  307. Stephen Lewis | Former UN Envoy on AIDS; Co-Director, AIDS-Free World | Toronto, ON
  308. Howard Lim, MD, PhD, FRCPC | Physician, BC Cancer Agency | Vancouver, BC
  309. Kirsten Locher, BScN | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  310. Steven Lofton, RN | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  311. Lawrence Loh, MD, MPH, CCFP | Resident Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  312. Karen Lorette, RPN | Registered Psychiatric Nurse, Vancouver Island Health Authority | Nanaimo, BC
  313. Lee Lourdeaux, MSW, RCSW, PhD | Clinical Social Worker, private practice | Vancouver, BC
  314. Stan Lubin, FCFP, MD | Physician, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  315. Heather Luna-Rose, BA, MEd | Executive Director, Luna-Rose Prisoner Support Society | Salt Spring Island, BC
  316. Cailey Lynch, RN, BScN | Community Health Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  317. Debra Lynknowski | Chief Executive Officer, Canadian Public Health Association | Ottawa, ON
  318. Tara Lyons, PhD(c) | Executive Director, Canadian Students for Sensible Drug Policy (CSSDP) | Ottawa, ON
  319. Sandra MacGregor, RN, BScN, MN | Nursing Instructor (ret.), Red Deer College | Red Deer, AB
  320. Josephine Macintosh, PhD | Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, University of British Columbia | Victoria, BC
  321. Martha Mackay, PhD, RN, CCN(c) | Clinician-Scientist, St. Paul’s Hospital Heart Centre | Vancouver, BC
  322. Landon Mackenzie | Professor, Emily Carr University of Art + Design | Vancouver, BC
  323. Sarah Maddix, OT Reg | Occupational Therapist | Toronto, ON
  324. Shelley Mahoney, RN | Program Director, Arts Academy | Salt Spring Island, BC
  325. Linda Manzon, BScN, RN(c) | Public Health Nurse, Interior Health Authority | Grand Forks, BC
  326. Elisabeth Marks, MPH | Research Manager, CIHR Centre for REACH in HIV/AIDS | Toronto, ON
  327. Stephanie Marsan, MD | Physician, Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC
  328. David Marsh, MD | Associate, Northern Ontario School of Medicine | Sudbury, ON
  329. Brandon Marshall, PhD | Post-Doctoral Fellow, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  330. Azad Mashari, MD | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  331. Paul Masotti, PhD | Researcher, Queen’s University | Kingston, ON
  332. Richard Mathias | Professor, MHSc Program Director, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  333. Jane McCall, BSN, MSN | Registered Nurse, St. Paul’s Hospital | Vancouver, BC
  334. Ruth McCarrell, RN | Clinical Nurse Leader, Providence Health Care | Vancouver, BC
  335. Liane McCrea, BScN | Nurse, CSSS Coeur-de-l’Île | Montreal, QC
  336. William McCready, MB, BCh, FRCP(c) | Physician, Northern Ontario School of Medicine | Thunder Bay, ON
  337. Heather McDonald, MD | Physician, Outreach Urban Health | Kelowna, BC
  338. Drew McDowell, BA, MA, (ABD) | University Instructor / Doctoral Candidate, University of Calgary | Calgary, AB
  339. Fraser McGuire, MA | Research Associate, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health | Toronto, ON
  340. Nadine Mcinnis, MA | Professor, Algonquin College | Ottawa, ON
  341. Michael McIsaac, BA(Hons) | Counsellor, Northern John Howard Society of BC | Prince George, BC
  342. Richard McKay, MSc | Researcher, University of Oxford | Vancouver, BC
  343. Brad McKenzie, PhD | Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba | Winnipeg, MB
  344. Meaghan Mclaren, MD, CCFP | Physician; Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Univeristy of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  345. Karen McNeely, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit | North Bay, ON
  346. Tacie McNeil, RN | Registered Nurse, Alberta Health Services | Calgary, AB
  347. Hans Mes, PhD | Research Scientist, Physics (ret.), Carleton University | Ottawa, ON
  348. Paula Migiardi, MA | Community-Based Research Facilitator, Nine Circles Community Health Centre | Winnipeg, MB
  349. Peggy Millson, MD, MHSc, FRCPC | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  350. Diane Milne, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, Providence Health Care | Vancouver, BC
  351. Dean Mirau | Registered Nurse, HIV/STI Outreach | Vancouver, BC
  352. Dawn Mitchell, BScN | Registered Nurse, Alberta Health Services Population and Public Health | Edmonton, AB
  353. Hannah Moffatt, BSc, MPH | Public Health Research Coordinator, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  354. Julio Montaner, MD, FRCPC | Professor, Division of AIDS, University of British Columbia; Director, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS; Immediate Past-President, International AIDS Society | Vancouver, BC
  355. Karen Moosbrugger, MD, FRCSC | Ophthalmologist, St. Joseph’s Hospital | Comox, BC
  356. Peter Moosbrugger, MD, CCFP, FCFP | Physician | Comox, BC
  357. Alexandre Morin, PhD | Academic, University of Sherbrooke | Sherbrooke, QC
  358. Susan Morris, RN | Registered Nurse | Red Deer County, AB
  359. Michel Morton, RN, BScN, MScN, DMin | Professor of Nursing, Lakehead University | Thunder Bay, ON
  360. Robert Moss, MBBS | Physician, Providence Healthcare | Vancouver, BC
  361. David Mowat, MBChB, MPH, FRCPC | Medical Officer of Health, Peel Public Health | Brampton, ON
  362. Wendy Muckle, BScN, MHA | Executive Director, Ottawa Inner City Health | Ottawa, ON
  363. Cassandra Mullally, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  364. Lynn Anne Mulrooney, RN, MPH, PhD | Senior Policy Analyst, Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario | Toronto, ON
  365. James Mulvale, PhD, RSW | Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Regina | Regina, SK
  366. Michelle Munro, RN, MSc MEd | Global Health Consultant, Morgentaler Clinic / Agriteam Canada | Ottawa, ON
  367. Carmela Murdocca, PhD | Assistant Professor, York University | Toronto, ON
  368. Alys Murphy, MSW | Counsellor, Ernestine’s Women’s Shelter | Toronto, ON
  369. Nevin Murray, MD, FRCPC | Professor of Medicine; Physician, BC Cancer Agency | Vancouver, BC
  370. Michelle Murti, MD, CCFP, MPH | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  371. Nicky Myrhaugen | Harm Reduction Coordinator, Central Alberta AIDS Network Society | Red Deer, AB
  372. Joanne Naiman | Professor Emerita (ret.), Ryerson University | Toronto, ON
  373. Neil Naiman, PhD | Professor (ret.), York University | Vancouver, BC
  374. Jane Nakonechny | Occupational Therapist, Rehabilitation Team Leader/Mental Health Program, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  375. Susanne Nasewich, RN, BA, BScN | Registered Nurse, Public Health | Regina, SK
  376. Bijan Nasiri, MD | Director, Persepolis NGO | Vancouver, BC
  377. Linda Neilson, BA(Hons), LLB, PhD | Professor, University of New Brunswick | Fredericton, NB
  378. Cordell Neudorf, MD | Public Health Physician, Saskatoon Health Region | Saskatoon, SK
  379. Keith Newberry, BSc(Hons), MSc, PhD | Biologist (ret.) | Slocan, BC
  380. Melissa Nicholson, BScN, RN | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health/Providence Health Care | Vancouver, BC
  381. Kari Nish, RN, BN | Nurse Educator, Red Deer College Nursing | Red Deer, AB
  382. Jessica Nooy, RN, BScN | Registered Nurse, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  383. Fraser Norrie, MD, CCFP, FCFP | Physician, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  384. Nadia O’Brien, MPH | Researcher, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  385. Patrick O’Byrne, RN, PhD | Professor, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  386. Tamara O’Doherty, MA, LLB | Instructor, University of the Fraser Valley | Abbotsford, BC
  387. Michael O’Donnell, MD | Physician | Nanaimo, BC
  388. Sheila O’Donoghue, RN | Project Manager, BC BioLibrary | Vancouver, BC
  389. Claire O’Gorman, MPH(c) | Registered Nurse, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  390. David Ogilvie, BA, BSW | Clinical Supervisor, Addiction Services, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  391. Vanessa Oliver, PhD | Assistant Professor, Mount Allison University | Sackville, NB
  392. Treena Orchard, PhD | Professor, University of Western Ontario | London, ON
  393. Michael Orsini | Associate Professor, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  394. Michelle Ostan, BSc, MHA | Program Manager, Provincial Health Services Authority | Vancouver, BC
  395. Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes, PhD | Assistant Professor, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  396. Anita Palepu, MD, MPH, FRCPC, FACP | Professor of Medicine, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  397. Diana Pallen, BScN, MN, RN | Registered Nurse, Lakehead University | Thunder Bay, ON
  398. Kerri Paradis, RN | Registered Nurse, Northern Alberta Program | Edmonton, AB
  399. Wendy Parry, MA, MEd | Instructor, Douglas College | New Westminster, BC
  400. Bianka Paszkowska, HBSW | Counsellor, March of Dimes | Thunder Bay, ON
  401. San Patten, MSc | Community Health Sciences, San Patten and Associates | Halifax, NS
  402. Jessica Patterson, MPH | Public Health Researcher, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  403. Bernadette Pauly, RN, PhD | Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Centre for Addictions Research of BC | Victoria, BC
  404. Michele Pearce, RN | Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  405. Beth Pelton, RN, BScN | Nurse, Street Health Community Nursing | Toronto, ON
  406. Margaret Pelz, MD, FRCPC | Physician, Psychiatry, St. Joseph’s Health Care London Ontario, University of Western Ontario | London, ON
  407. Valerie Percival, MA, DrPH | Assistant Professor, Carleton University | Ottawa, ON
  408. Tom Peric, MA | College Instructor, Everest College | Toronto, ON
  409. Clarice Perkins, RN, BSN, MA | Public Health Nurse, Vancouver Island Health Authority | Port Alberni, BC
  410. Amelie Perron, RN, PhD | Academic, Nurse, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  411. Indra Perry, BScOT(c) | Occupational Therapist, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  412. Jody Peterson, BScN | Registered Nurse | Edmonton, AB
  413. Mary Petty, RSW, PhD | Social Worker, St. Paul’s Hospital | Vancouver, BC
  414. J. Craig Phillips, PhD, LLM, RN, PMHCNS-BC, ACRN | Assistant Professor, Nursing, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  415. Lynda Phillips, PhD | Psychologist, University of Alberta Hospital | Edmonton, AB
  416. Carla Pindera, RN | Nurse, Nine Circles Community Health Centre | Winnipeg, MB
  417. Catherine Pirkle, MSc | Researcher, University of Montreal | Montreal, QC
  418. Lynne Poirier, RN, BScN, BSC, BA | Medical Student Ottawa, Canadian Medical Association / Ontario Medical Association | Ottawa, ON
  419. Lindsay Poloni, BSW, BA | Harm Reduction Outreach Worker, Medicine Hat Cares Centre | Medicine Hat, AB
  420. Karen Poole, RN, BSCN, MEd, MA(Nursing) | University Professor, Lakehead University | Thunder Bay, ON
  421. Kim Poong, BScN, MBAc | Registered Nurse, Hospital | Edmonton, AB
  422. Nirmal Power, MA, RCC | Alcohol and Drug Therapist, Centre for Concurrent Disorders | Vancouver, BC
  423. Errol Prasad, BSc, DChM, DTM&H, RMCCM | Clinical Virologist, DynaLIFE Diagnostic Laboratory Services | Edmonton, AB
  424. David Proulx, BA | Lecturer, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology | Ulsan, AB
  425. Lorne Prupas, PhD | Psychologist, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  426. Marie Purcell, MA | Mental Health Clinician, Comox Valley Mental Health & Addiction Services | Comox Valley, BC
  427. Dolores Pushkar, PhD | Professor, Psychology, Concordia University | Montréal, QC
  428. Camille Quenneville, BA | Director of Policy, Children’s Mental Health Ontario | Toronto, ON
  429. Kim Raine, PhD | Professor, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  430. Rajiv Rajan, MD | Psychiatrist, Eastern Health | St John’s, NL
  431. Nikhil Rajaram, MD | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  432. Diana Ralph, PhD, MSW | Professor, Carleton University | Ottawa, ON
  433. Donald Ramer, PhD | Private Practice of Psychological Services | Quathiaski Cove, BC
  434. Katherine Rathwell, RN, BScN | Public Health Nurse, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  435. Cheryl Reed-Elder, PhD | Sault Ste. Marie, ON
  436. David Reid, MA(c) | Registered Psychiatric Nurse | Nanaimo, BC
  437. Dan Reist, MTh | Assistant Director, Knowledge Exchange, Centre for Addictions Research of BC, University of Victoria | Victoria, BC
  438. Jamie Reschny, MA | Research Manager, Health Sciences, University of Northern British Columbia | Prince George, BC
  439. Susann Richter, BSc, LLB | Manager, HIV/AIDS Program, British Columbia Provincial Health Services Authority | Vancouver, BC
  440. Greg Riehl, RN, BScN, MA | Registered Nurse, Saskatchewan HIV HCV Nursing Education Organization | Regina, SK
  441. Stephanie Ritch, HBSW | Counsellor, Native Nurses Entry Program | Thunder Bay, ON
  442. Annette Rivard, PhD | Assistant Professor, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  443. Anthoyn Roberts, BA, BSc, MA, MES | Part-Time Faculty and Consultant, Mount Allison University | Port Elgin, NB
  444. Cathy Rocke, MSW, PhD(ABD) | Lecturer, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba | Winnipeg, MB
  445. Patricia Rodney, RN, MSN, PhD | Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  446. Ronald Roesch, PhD | Professor, Simon Fraser University | Burnaby, BC
  447. Fraser Ross, DCS, ECE, HBA | Therapist / Counsellor, British Columbia Compassion Club Society | North Vancouver, BC
  448. Eric Roth | Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Victoria | Victoria, BC
  449. Sean Rourke, PhD | Psychologist, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  450. Élise Roy, MD, MSc | Professor, University of Sherbrooke | Longueuil, QC
  451. Melanie Rusch, PhD | Assistant Professor, Division of Global Public Health, University of California San Diego | Vancouver, BC
  452. Richard Rusk, MD, CCFP, BVSc, MPH, FRCPC(c), MRCVS | Physician, University of Manitoba | Winnipeg, MB
  453. Anne Russell, RN, BN, ACRN | Nurse, Canadian Association of Nurses in AIDS Care | Winnipeg, MB
  454. David Ryan, BA(Hons), MA, DD | Professor, Seneca College; Animated Resolutions | Kitchener, ON
  455. Jennifer Sadowski, BScOT | Occupational Therapist, Alberta Hospital Edmonton | Edmonton, AB
  456. Ginetta Salvalaggio, MSc, MD, CCFP | Physician | Edmonton, AB
  457. Chris Sanders, PhD | York University | Toronto, ON
  458. Vincent Sanregret, RN | Registered Nurse, British Columbia Nurses Union | Vancouver, BC
  459. Martin Schechter, MD, PhD, FRSC, FCAHS | Professor, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  460. Phyllis Schneider, PhD | Professor, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  461. Erica Schoen, RN, BScN | Nurse, Streetworks | Edmonton, AB
  462. Ted Schrecker, MA | Scientist / Associate Professor, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  463. Michael Schwandt, MD, MPH | Physician, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  464. Doris Schwar, BA, MES | Addictions Worker (ret.) | Sudbury, ON
  465. Jamie Scott, Canada Research Chair | Professor, Faculties of Science and Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University | Burnaby, BC
  466. Louise Séguin, MD, MPH | Researcher, Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC
  467. Malika Sharma, MD | Physician | Toronto, ON
  468. Nicola Shaw, PhD, FBCS, CITP | Research Chair, Scientific Director, Health Informatics Institute/Algoma University | Sault Ste. Marie, ON
  469. Elizabeth Sheehy | Professor of Law, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  470. Karen Shklanka, MD, CCFP | Family Physician, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  471. Jean Shoveller, PhD | Professor, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  472. Carolyn Showler, BSN | Registered Nurse, Cool Aid Community Health Center | Victoria, BC
  473. Suzanne Sicchia, MHSc, MSc, PhD(c) | Doctoral Candidate, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  474. Sabine Silberberg, MA, RCAT, PhD(c) | Counsellor, Dr. Peter Centre | Vancouver, BC
  475. Vince Simon, MSW | Executive Director, Ka-Na-Chi-Hih | Thunder Bay, ON
  476. Peggy Simpson, PhD, MN, BN, RN | Registered Nurse, Providence Healthcare | Vancouver, BC
  477. Sally Simpson, RN, BScN, ACRN, NP | Registered Nurse, Canadian Association of Nurses in AIDS Care | Toronto, ON
  478. Ameeta Singh, BMBS, MSc, FRCPC | Physician, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  479. Jennifer Sladek, Researcher/Instructor | Research Associate, Ryerson University | Toronto, ON
  480. Amelia Sloan, BScN, RN, SADVNE, MN(c) | Registered Nurse, SickKids Hospital | Toronto, ON
  481. Will Small, PhD | Health Researcher, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  482. Erin Smith, RN | Registered Nurse, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  483. Stephanie Smith, MD, MSc | Physician, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  484. Stephen Smith, MSW | Addictions Counsellor, Fraser Health Authority | Surrey, BC
  485. Daphne Spencer, RN | Registered Nurse, British Columbia Centre for Disease Control | Vancouver, BC
  486. Martin Spencer, AB, MD, FRCSC | Ophthalmologist, CMA | Lantzville, BC
  487. Sheryl Spithoff, MD, CCFP | Family Physician, Community Health Centre | Toronto, ON
  488. Jonathan Squires, MD, BSc | Resident, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  489. Maria Stadnyk, BScN | Registered Nurse, Northern Alberta Program, STD Clinic | Edmonton, AB
  490. Laurel Stang, BScN, RN | Registered Nurse, Regina Qu’Appelle Health Region | Regina, SK
  491. Marc Steben | Infectious Disease Prevention Expert and Medical Consultant, Quebec Public Health Institute | Montreal, QC
  492. Colin Steele, BSW, RCC | Clinic Coordinator, Addictions Services, Fraser Health Authority | Surrey, BC
  493. Darlene Steven, PhD | Professor, Lakehead University | Thunder Bay, ON
  494. Kyle Stevens, MD | Physician, BC Medical Association | Summerland, BC
  495. Kevin Stevenson, MD, FRCP | Psychiatrist, BCPA | Vernon, BC
  496. James Stewart, PhD | Consultation, NAILU | Greenwood, BC
  497. Maggie Stokes, RN | Nurse (ret.) | Toronto, ON
  498. Steffanie Strathdee, PhD | Associate Dean of Global Health Sciences; Chief, Division of Global Health, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego | North Vancouver, BC
  499. Michelle Strickland, SSW, BA | Executive Director, John Howard Society of Simcoe & Muskoka | Barrie, ON
  500. Christy Sutherland, MD, CCFP | Family Doctor, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  501. Tim Takaro, MD, MPH, MS | Associate Dean of Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University | Burnaby, BC
  502. Elizabeth Taylor, PhD OT(c) | Professor, Rehab Medicine, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  503. Geoffrey Taylor, MD, FRCP(c) | Professor, Medicine, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  504. Lucinda Taylor, MSW, RSW | Clinical Social Worker, Shepell·fgi | Nelson, BC
  505. Marliss Taylor, RN, BScN | Program Manager, Streetworks | Edmonton, AB
  506. Tim Temple, MB, BS, CCFP, FRSA | Physician, Department of Family Medicine, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  507. Jenifer Thewalt, PhD | Professor, Simon Fraser University | Vancouver, BC
  508. Rowena Thirlwall | Registered Nurse | Toronto, ON
  509. Dave Thomas | Assistant Professor, Politics & International Relations, Mount Allison University | Sackville, NB
  510. Gerald Thomas | Senior Research & Policy Analyst, Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse | Victoria, BC
  511. Christopher Thompson, MD | Physician, Cardiology, St. Paul’s Hospital | Vancouver, BC
  512. Jim Thorsteinson, MD, CCFP, FCFP | Clinical Professor, UBC Department of Family Practice, Physician, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  513. Meaghan Thumath, RN, BSN, MPH | HIV/AIDS Clinical Practice Leader, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  514. Suzanne Tobin, BSCN, PHC-NP | Addiction Specialist and Nurse Practitioner, London Intercommunity Health Centre | London, ON
  515. Linda Todd, OTDip(c) | Occupational Therapist, Addictions & Mental Health | Edmonton, AB
  516. Janice Tofsrud, RN, BScN | Community Health Nurse, Alberta Health Services | Edmonton, AB
  517. Len Tooley, HBSc, MPH | Health Promoter, University of Toronto | Toronto, ON
  518. Marina Tourlakis, BSc, MSc | Scientist, Hospital for Sick Children | Toronto, ON
  519. Kirk Tousaw, JD, LLM | Executive Director, Beyond Prohibition Foundation | Mill Bay, BC
  520. Robb Travers, PhD | Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University | Waterloo, ON
  521. Dawn Turner, BSN | Nurse, Addiction Services | Vancouver, BC
  522. Sarah Tycholiz, RN | Hepatitis C Treatment Nurse, AIDS Thunder Bay | Thunder Bay, ON
  523. Mark Tyndall, MD, ScD | Physician, University of Ottawa | Ottawa, ON
  524. Kim Van Der Woerd, PhD | Independent Consultant, Reciprocal Consulting | Vancouver, BC
  525. Frederik van Oudenhoven | Scientist, Bioversity International | Toronto, ON
  526. Helina van Zeggelen | Registered Nurse | Ottawa, ON
  527. Richard Vandegriend, MD | Physician, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  528. Krisztina Vasarhelyi, PhD | Researcher, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS | Vancouver, BC
  529. Gordon Venn, BSW | Addictions Counsellor, Fraser Health Authority | Surrey, BC
  530. Jim Vernon, PhD | Professor, York University | Toronto, ON
  531. Julien Villeneuve | Professor, College de Maisonneuve | Montréal, QC
  532. Joanne Volden, PhD | Professor, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  533. Judy Waldman, RN, MN | Registered Nurse | Toronto, ON
  534. John Walsh, PhD, RPsych | Professor, University of Victoria | Victoria, BC
  535. Trevor Walsh, MA, RCC | Addictions Counsellor, Vancouver Coastal Health | Vancouver, BC
  536. Kai Wang, MD | Physician, Royal Health Care Center | Toronto, ON
  537. Duff Waring, BA, MA, LLB, PhD | Philosophy Professor, York University | Toronto, ON
  538. Ailsa Watkinson, PhD | Professor, University of Regina | Saskatoon, SK
  539. James Watson, BFA | HIV/AIDS Research Coordinator | Toronto, ON
  540. Sydney Weaver, PhD(c) | Faculty, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  541. Dan Werb, MSc | Research Coordinator, International Centre for Science in Drug Policy | Vancouver, BC
  542. Floralyn Wessel, BScN, MAdED | Nursing, University of Saskatchewan (ret.) | Regina, SK
  543. Lloyd Westby, MD | Physician | Penticton, BC
  544. Franklin White, MD | President, Pacific Health and Development Sciences Inc. | Victoria, BC
  545. Elizabeth Whynot | Head, Department of Family Practice, BC Women’s Hospital; Consultant, Vancouver Native Health Clinic | Vancouver, BC
  546. Ellen Wiebe, MD | Physician, University of British Columbia | Vancouver, BC
  547. Patricia Wielandt, PhD, MA, BAppSci (OT) | Professor, Occupational Therapy, University of Alberta | AB
  548. Cameron Wild, PhD | University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  549. Kelley Wilkey | Social Worker, Canadian Mental Health Association | Barrie, ON
  550. Anna Willats, BA | Professor, George Brown College | Toronto, ON
  551. Yasmin Winsor | Nurse, BC Centre for Disease Control | Vancouver, BC
  552. Robert Winston, MD, FACP, FRCPC | Medical Oncologist, BC Cancer Agency | Abbotsford, BC
  553. Kerry Winter, MA | Addictions Counsellor, South Fraser Health Authority | Surrey, BC
  554. Susan Wiseman, MD | Medical Resident, Northern Ontario School of Medicine | Sudbury, ON
  555. Jody Wolfe, MA | Research Associate, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  556. Evan Wood, MD, PhD | Associate Professor, Division of AIDS, University of British Columbia; Co-Director, Urban Health Research Initiative, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS; Director, International Centre for Science in Drug Policy | Vancouver, BC
  557. David Woodley, MD | Physician | Salt Spring Island, BC
  558. Andrew Woolford, PhD | Associate Professor, Sociology and Criminology, University of Manitoba | Winnipeg, MB
  559. Lisa Wozniak, MA | Researcher, University of Alberta | Edmonton, AB
  560. Jocelyn Yelle, MSc, PhD Virology | President, Scientist, Antiviral InteliStrat Inc. | Laval, QC
  561. Anita Young, BSc, BScN | Registered Nurse, Sherbourne Health Centre | Toronto, ON
  562. Gordon Youngman, MBA, MPH | Private Health Consultant | Nanaimo, BC
  563. Maria Victoria Zunzunegui | Professor, Université de Montréal | Montréal, QC

Cc: Members of Parliament of Canada