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Research Summaries

Recently Added Summaries

September 2014 

Timing of income assistance payment and overdose patterns

The impact of alternative methods to hand out social assistance

 

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HIV Prevention & Risk Behaviour

Aboriginal injection drug users more likely to contract HIV

Canadian prisons and HIV risk

Childhood sexual abuse increases likelihood of youth beginning injection drug use

Crack cocaine smoking linked with HIV infection

Crack pipes: Better access means less sharing

HAART may be a powerful tool for HIV prevention

High rates of syringe sharing among Thai injection drug users

HIV knowledge & risk perception low but risk behaviour high among street youth

Homelessness a key factor in youth experimenting with injection drug use

Injecting cocaine – high risk for HIV

VANDU "Alley Patrol": Extending the reach of HIV prevention

HIV Treatment

HAART may be a powerful tool for HIV prevention

HIV treatment and disease progression influenced by individual and social factors

HIV/AIDS care and integrated supervised injecting programs

Homelessness a barrier to HIV treatment

Incarceration a barrier to HIV therapy adherence

Drug Policy

Anti-drug PSAs ineffective

Balanced drug strategies: Comprehensive or inconsistent?

Canadian government mishandles research

Drug law enforcement increases drug-related violence

Drug planting by Thai police

Enforcement gets lion’s share of federal Anti-Drug Strategy funding

Evidence-based strategy called for to curtail the Afghan opium trade

Policing & Drug Law Enforcement

Drug law enforcement increases drug-related violence

Drug users need support after release from prison

Evidence planting by Thai police

The role of police in supporting Insite

Incarceration

Canadian prisons and HIV risk

Inability to access addiction treatment linked to increased HIV risk behaviour

Incarceration a barrier to HIV therapy adherence

Incarceration experiences of Thai injection drug users

Incarceration not found to deter drug use

Injection drug users report barriers to HIV care in prisons

Addiction Treatment

Compulsory drug treatment in Thailand

Inability to access addiction treatment linked to increased HIV risk behaviour

Insite can help people quit drugs

Long waits a barrier to drug treatment for youth

Methadone treatment a possible barrier to employment

Needle Exchange

Improving Vancouver's needle exchange services to reduce the risk of HIV

Peer-run needle exchange reaches those at highest risk of HIV infection 

VANDU "Alley Patrol": Extending the reach of HIV prevention

Supervised Injecting / Insite

A description of a peer-run supervised injection site

Condom use promoted by Insite

Estimated overdose deaths averted by Insite

HIV/AIDS care and integrated supervised injecting programs

Increased use of Insite has no effect on employment

Insite: A safe haven for women who inject drugs

Insite can help people quit drugs

Insite clients generally satisfied with the facility's design and service

Insite nurses connect injection drug users with appropriate medical care

Insite nurses deliver safer injection education

Insite promotes access to health and social services

Insite reduces overdose deaths

Insite users not more likely to overdose

Lessons from an unsanctioned safe injection site

Operating policies and local drug culture influence Insite access

Safer injecting education at Insite

The role of police in supporting Insite

Sex Work

Low-threshold employment could reduce drug dealing and sex work

Sex workers offered more money for sex without condoms

Street-Involved Youth

Aboriginal street youth more likely to be HIV-positive

Alarming rates of injection drug use among street-involved youth

Childhood physical abuse linked to injection drug use among high-risk youth

Childhood sexual abuse increases likelihood of youth beginning injection drug use

Crystal meth ‘very easy’ to acquire

High levels of syringe sharing among young drug users

HIV knowledge & risk perception low but risk behaviour high among street youth

Homelessness a key factor in youth experimenting with injection drug use

Homelessness increases health risks to street youth

Homelessness linked to increased STIs among street youth

Long waits a barrier to drug treatment for youth

Meth injection and HCV among street youth

No evidence of meth–violence link among Vancouver street youth

Suicide and childhood trauma among street youth

What brings youth to the streets of downtown Vancouver?

Homelessness, Housing & Neighbourhoods

Access to private space could reduce street disorder

Homelessness a barrier to HIV treatment

Homelessness a key factor in public drug use

Homelessness a key factor in youth experimenting with injection drug use

Homelessness increases health risks to street youth

Homelessness linked to increased STIs among street youth

Drug User Organizations

A case study of VANDU

A description of a peer-run supervised injection site

Expanding the reach of harm reduction in Thailand

Lessons from an unsanctioned safe injection site

Mit Sampan Harm Reduction Center: Research and community empowerment

Peer-run needle exchange reaches those at highest risk of HIV infection

VANDU "Alley Patrol": Extending the reach of HIV prevention

VANDU’s Injection Support Team fosters safer injecting

Other Topics

Anti-drug PSAs ineffective

Crack pipes: Better access means less sharing

Employment could benefit active drug users

Injection drug use and violence

Jugular injections common among Vancouver injection drug users

Low-threshold employment could reduce drug dealing and sex work

Overdose among Thai injection drug users

Skin infections a health concern for injection drug users

Timing of income assistance payment and overdose patterns

The impact of alternative methods to hand out social assistance