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Policing & Drug Law Enforcement

Policing practices and drug law enforcement are known to have an impact on the health of urban populations. For some individuals, including those who inject drugs and participate in sex work, police can play an important role in affecting risk behaviours and access to health services. UHRI investigators are committed to conducting research on all factors that influence the health of vulnerable urban populations and have conducted several studies that investigate the effects policing and drug law enforcement have on displacement of drug users, injecting practices, and access to HIV prevention programs.

Publications

  • Hayashi K, Small W, Csete J, Hattirat S, Kerr T. Experiences with policing among people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand: A qualitative study. PLOS Medicine, 2013; 10(12): e1001570. PubMed
  • Hayashi K, Ti L, Buxton JA, Kaplan K, Suwannawong P, Wood E, Kerr T. Experiences with urine drug testing by police among people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2013 Nov 20 [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed
  • Hayashi K, Ti L, Csete J, Kaplan K, Suwannawong P, Wood E, Kerr T. Reports of police beating and associated harms among people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand: A serial cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 2013; 13(1): 733. PubMed
  • Kerr T, Hayashi K, Ti L, Kaplan K, Suwannawong P, Wood E. The impact of compulsory drug detention exposure on the avoidance of healthcare among injection drug users in Thailand. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2014; 25(1): 171-174. PubMed
  • Hayashi K, Ti L, Buxton JA, Kaplan K, Suwannawong P, Kerr T. The effect of exposures to policing on syringe sharing among people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand. AIDS and Behavior, 2013; 17(8): 2615-2623. PubMed
  • Ti L, Wood E, Shannon K, Feng C, Kerr T. Police confrontations among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2013; 24(1): 46-51. PubMed
  • Small W, Krüsi A, Wood E, Montaner J, Kerr T. Street-level policing in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver, Canada, during the 2010 winter Olympics. American Journal of Public Health, 2012; 23(2): 128-133. PubMed
  • Werb D, Rowell G, Guyatt GH, Kerr T, Montaner JSG, Wood E. Effect of drug law enforcement on drug market violence: A systematic review. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2011; 22(2): 87-94. PubMed Summary
  • DeBeck K, Buxton J, Kerr T, Qi J, Montaner J, Wood E. Public crack cocaine smoking and willingness to use a supervised inhalation facility: Implications for street disorder. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 2011; 6(1): 4. PubMed
  • Fairbairn N, Kaplan K, Hayashi K, Suwannawong P, Lai C, Wood E, Kerr T. Reports of evidence planting by police among a community-based sample of injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 2009; 9(1): 24. PubMed Summary
  • Werb D, Hayashi K, Fairbairn N, Kaplan K, Suwannawong P, Lai C, Kerr T. Drug use patterns among Thai illicit drug users amidst increased police presence. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 2009; 4(1): 16. PubMed
  • DeBeck K, Wood E, Zhang R, Tyndall M, Montaner J, Kerr T. Police and public health partnerships: Evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver’s supervised injection facility. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 2008; 3: 11. PubMed Summary
 
  • Werb D, Wood E, Small W, Strathdee S, Li K, Montaner J, Kerr T. Effects of police confiscation of illicit drugs and syringes among injection drug users in Vancouver. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2008; 19: 332-338. PubMed
  • DeBeck K, Wood E, Montaner JS, Kerr T. Canada’s new federal “national anti-drug strategy”: An informal audit of reported funding allocation. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2009; 20(2): 188-191. PubMed Summary
  • DeBeck K, Wood E. Law enforcement and Australia’s 2001 heroin shortage: Evaluating the evidence. Internation Journal of Drug Policy, 2008; 19(4): 287-290. PubMed
  • Wood E, Kerr T, Montaner JS. HIV treatment, injection drug use, and illicit drug policies. Lancet. 2007; 370(9581): 8-10. PubMed
  • Small W, Rhodes T, Wood E, Kerr T. Public injection settings in Vancouver: Physical environment, social context and risk. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2007; 18: 27-36. PubMed
  • Wood E, Stoltz J, Li K, Montaner JS, Kerr T. The cause of the Australian heroin shortage: Time to reconsider? Addiction, 2006; 101(5): 623-625.
  • Wood E, Stoltz J, Li K, Montaner JS, Kerr T. Changes in Canadian heroin supply coinciding with the Australian heroin shortage. Addiction, 2006; 101(5): 689-695. PubMed
  • Small W, Kerr T, Charette J, Schechter MT , Spittal PM. Impacts of intensified police activity on injection drug users: Evidence from an ethnographic investigation. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2006; 17(2): 85-95.
  • Kerr T, Small W, Wood E. The public health and social impacts of drug market enforcement: A review of the evidence. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2005; 16(4): 210-220.
  • Wood E, Kerr T. Measuring the public health impact of police activities on illicit drug users. International Journal of Drug Policy, 2005; 16(3): 148-149.
  • Wood E, Spittal PM, Small W, Kerr T, Li K, Hogg RS, Tyndall MW, Montaner JSG, Schechter MT. Displacement of Canada’s largest public illicit drug market in response to a police crackdown. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2004; 170(10): 1551-1556. PubMed
  • Wood E, Tyndall M, Schechter M. Drug supply and drug abuse. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2003; 168(9): 1113.
  • Wood E, Kerr T, Spittal PM, Tyndall MW, O’Shaughnessy MV, Schechter MT. The health care and fiscal costs of the illicit drug use epidemic: The impact of conventional drug control strategies, and the potential of a comprehensive approach. British Columbia Medical Journal, 2003; 45(3): 128-134.
  • Wood E, Tyndall M, Spittal P, Li K, Hogg R, Montaner JS, O’Shaughnessy M, Schechter M. Impact of supply-side policies for control of illicit drugs in the face of the AIDS and overdose epidemics: Investigation of a massive heroin seizure. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2003; 168(2): 165-169. PubMed
  • Wood E, Kerr T, Small W, Jones J, Schechter MT , Tyndall MW. The impact of a police presence on access to needle exchange programs. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 2003; 34(1): 116-117. PubMed
  • Kerr T, Wood E. Vancouver police raid needle exchange run by drug users. Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review, 2002; 7(2/3): 34-35. PubMed